Ugandan citizens' complaint against EUR 95 million EIB loan for Bujagali Hydropower DamIn an unprecedented ruling this week, the European Ombudsman concluded at the end of an investigation into the European Investment Bank’s involvement with a road construction project in Bosnia and Herzegovina that the institution’s behaviour was “totally unacceptable” and it “risked putting into question the EU’s commitment for strengthening the rule of law in Bosnia and Herzegovina.”
During the investigation, the Ombudsman found that the EIB went on to finance the project to construct a bridge over the Sava river in Bosnia and Herzegovina regardless of complaints from an Italian company Impresa Pizzarotti & C. SpA which had been excluded from the tender despite having offered the lowest bid.
The EIB’s Complaints Mechanism, an internal body meant to ensure that the institution complies with its own policies, had ruled that the complaint of the Italian company was grounded, yet the EIB management chose to ignore the ruling of its own policy-enforcing body.
The European Ombudsman Emily O’Reilly found that the EIB management decision was based on an incorrect interpretation of the tender documents and said she was considering opening an own-initiative inquiry into the systemic issues underlying the EIB’s handling of the case.
“An inquiry into systemic issues would be very welcome,” says Anna Roggenbuck, Bankwatch EIB coordinator. “This is not the first time that we see the EIB management ignoring or interfering with the work of its own Complaints Mechanism. NGOs have been for years complaining about this bad practice to the bank but it seems that the management chooses to run counter to its own standards for the short term interests of its clients, often big corporations.”
According to Bankwatch and Counter Balance, in sensitive and controversial cases such as the Mopani mines in Zambia, the Bujagali dam in Uganda, or the Sostanj coal power plant in Slovenia, the EIB management has given the impression of interfering with the work of the Complaints Mechanism office. In the Mopani case, there is evidence that the management went against the Complaints Mechanism decision to disclose the investigation report, and in the case of Bujagali EIB President Werner Hoyer has had to send a letter asking EIB staff to ensure the independence of and cooperation with the Complaints Mechanism office.
In a previous ruling* from 2013, the European Ombudsman found that enormous delays in Bujagali case were caused by insufficient staffing of the Complaint Mechanism office and that the delay of the release of the Complaint Mechanism assessment of the case was caused by internal pressure within the EIB.
“The Complaint Mechanism was created to give people an opportunity to defend their rights but this purpose is defeated if the EIB management itself prevents the body from functioning as it should,” says Anna Roggenbuck. “This is unacceptable. We all need to think about better accountability mechanisms for the EIB if this institution is to further the application of the rule of law.”
According to the Aid Transparency Index 2014, the EIB was assessed as having poor transparency standards among international donors and is one of the two most non-transparent multilateral development banks.
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*2013 ruling of the European Ombudsman on Bujagali case: EO 2288/2011/MMN dated 17.01.2013
*Final ruling of the European Ombudsman on the Sava Bridge in Bosnia and Herzegovina case: http://www.ombudsman.europa.eu/cases/decision.faces/en/58171/html.bookmark
*Holding the EIB to account, Counter Balance, April 2014